Judy planted vegetables on a piece of land. The land is in the right-angled triangular shape. Given the longest side of the land is y metre.

Question

Judy planted vegetables on a piece of land. The land is in the right-angled triangular shape. Given the longest side of the land is y metre. The other two sides of the land are 2x metre and (2x+6) metre respectively. He fenced the land with 72 metres of barbed wire. Find the length, in metre , of each side of the land.

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  1. Charlotte
    0
    2021-11-23T23:14:12+00:00

    We know that the perimeter is 72 meters, so we have

     y+2x+(2x+6)=72 \iff y+4x+6=72 \iff y=-4x+66

    Now we can use the pythagorean theorem: the sum of the squares of the legs is the square of the hypotenuse:

     (2x)^2+(2x+6)^2 = y^2 \iff (2x)^2+(2x+6)^2 = (-4x+66)^2

    Expand the squares to get

     8 x^2 + 24 x + 36 = 16 x^2 - 528 x + 4356

    Bring everything to the right hand side to get

     8 x^2 - 552 x + 4320 = 0

    Divide both sides by 8:

     x^2 - 69x + 540 = 0

    This equation has solutions  x=9,\ x=60

    This solutions would yield the following side lengths:

     x=9\implies\begin{cases} 2x = 18\\2x+6=24\\-4x+66=30\end{cases}

     x=60\implies\begin{cases} 2x = 120\\2x+6=126\\-4x+66=-174\end{cases}

    Since we can’t have negative side lengths, we can only accept the solution x=9.

    In fact, you can check that 18,24,30 is a pythagorean triplet, i.e.

     18^2+24^2=30^2

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