## I am redesigning a rectangular prism in geometry where I have to minimize the surface area while maintaining the same volume. I have to recr

Question

I am redesigning a rectangular prism in geometry where I have to minimize the surface area while maintaining the same volume. I have to recreate three of these.
Now My original prism has a surface area of 122.5in^2 and a volume of 58.75in^3. I want to make my first redesign, a shpere. How would I do that. For my second one, a square pyramid, and the third one a cylinder. How would I recreate these with the same volume, but smaller surface area?

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1. Strategy:

You will need to make use of the formulas for volume and area of the shapes you have chosen.

… volume of a sphere = (4/3)πr³

… area of a sphere = 4πr²

You will have to use the volume equation to find the radius of the sphere with the desired volume. Then use the area formula to verify the area is smaller than for your rectangular prism. (A sphere has the smallest surface area for a given volume of any figure.)

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For your pyramid, it’s a bit more complicated. You can use the formula for volume to find a relationship between the side length and the height. Then you can solve for height and put that expression into the equation for surface area. Now, you have an equation for surface area as a function of side length, which you can use to choose side lengths that give surface area in the range you want. You may find a graphing utility to be helpful for this.

… volume of a pyramid = (1/3)b^2h . . . . . b is the edge length of the base; h is the verical height.

… area of a pyramid = b^2 + 2bs, where s is the slant height: s=√((b/2)^ +h^2)

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The cylinder is solved essentially the same way the pyramid is solved, except the formulas are slightly different.

… volume of a cylinder = πr²h

… area of a cylinder = 2πr² + 2πrh

Numbers:

If I did it right, a pyramid with a base edge length of 4 or 5 inches (or somewhere between) should give a smaller surface area for the volume you want.

For the cylinder, the radius may be around 2 or 2.1 inches.